In this practice we’re going to go deeper in the study we started on PA2 , the Falling water house.
Fallingwater is made up of a variety of materials, including stone, concrete, steel, glass, and wood, all of which have properties that highlight what Wright called “organic architecture.” These materials, like organic elements in nature, have deteriorated over the last eighty years, owing in part to their exposure to a variety of climate conditions, including humidity and sunlight, which have harmed the collections, and severe freeze-thaw conditions in southwest Pennsylvania, as well as water infiltration, which have harmed the structural materials.
The house took on a “clear masonry form” that was appropriate for the site, and they chose a reinforced-concrete construction for the terraces. It was Wright’s first time working with concrete for dwellings, and while he was first uninterested in the material, he soon realized that it could be cast into any shape and, when reinforced with steel, had incredible tensile strength.
The circulation system of the house is made up of dark, narrow hallways, which are designed to give individuals a sense of compression as opposed to expansion as they go closer to the outside. The rooms’ ceilings are low, just reaching 6’4″ in some places, in order to draw the attention horizontally to the outside. The charm of these rooms is found in their vast cantilevered terraces that extend into nature. Apart from their purpose, the terraces give an element of sculpture to the residences by shooting out at a succession of right angles.
The bricks and lengthy terraces on the outside of Fallingwater establish a strong horizontal pattern. The windows on the facade have a unique situation in which they open up at the corners, shattering the house’s box and allowing it to open out to the broad outdoors.
The perfection of these elements perfected the home itself, and despite the fact that the house has structural issues that require ongoing maintenance owing to its position, Fallingwater, now a National Historic Landmark, is without a doubt a work of genius. Fallingwater is a physical and spiritual manifestation of man and architecture in conjunction with nature, from its daring cantilevers to its corner window detail and constant sound of the waterfall.