To analyze architecture, we must first understand certain fundamental principles.
When it comes to designing a room, location is undeniably important. The link between the place and its surrounds can take many forms in this way:
Contrast:When a space is in contrast to its surroundings, it appears as if it isn’t quite right or doesn’t belong. Architecture either dominates or alienates the space.
Camouflage: is the seamless merging of an area with its surroundings.
Organicism: There is a connection between the space and the environment in organicism. The reinterpretation of elements adapts it to it. There is calmness.
Contextualism: the meaning of the area explains the relationship between it and its surrounds.
«Architecture is the studied construction of spaces. The continuous renovation of the architecture comes from the evolution of the concepts of space» by Louis Kahn
Classic space: A tight and compact space with typically enormous walls is referred to as a classic space. This space becomes centered and has a single symmetry axis throughout the Renaissance period. They explore with tension in the concentrated space during the Baroque period, introducing at least two symmetrical axes.
Spaces without center: There are two types: japanese space, which is built on tatami modules, and MODERN SPACE, which has more vertical and horizontal connection and deviates from the box concept.
Contemporary space: The entire building space is unique and continuous in design. The term “free section” is used to describe the deformation and twisting of the horizontal plane.
RHYTHM: Sequence and repetition of a particular asset of a building in its façade ot in the plant.
AXIS: The linear element that marks a direction and distributes the space or elements around it.
SYMETRY: The regular arrangement of parts or points of a body or figure in relation to a centre, axle or plan.
HIERARCHY: The relationship in between elements that establish an other in between them estabblished by the size, the form or the situation.
MODULE: A unitary element which serves as a proportional unit that can be reppeated at one unique scale or at various different ones.
GRID: A grid of axes serves as a guide for the composition.
MOVEMENT: The irregularity in forms transmit the idea of movement in a building.
UNITY: The relationship between the different parts of a bulding thath make them one.
CENTRALITY: The organisation of a place around one important area.
BALANCING: The complementary relationship between parts of different compositions, it can be equally balanced on both parts or compensated .
LIMITS: The edge of the composition’s elements where they diverge from the remainder is known as the limit.
LIGHT: The amount of light source that iluminate the interior part of the building.
CONTRAST: The radical difference between two parts of the same building.
COLOR: The elements to be used’s chromatic embodiment.
TEXTURE: The form of the surface finishing elements involving the final perception.
PROPORTION: Harmonic relation of dimensions according to certain mathematical or geometric rules.
SCALE: Relation between the size of the building and the size of the human being.Sizing referred to a selected unit.
Mechanical functionalism:The roots of mechanical functionalism can be found in the industrial revolution. Form is a mechanical and direct result of the functions to which it is tied.
Organic functionalism: The form acquires a biological sense and adapts to the living functions that must be performed in the environment, i.e., to human activities and the social milieu.
Moralistic functionalism:Utility exists to serve a purpose, according to moralistic functionalism. Beauty and practicality are so close together that they get mixed up. The term “beauty” refers to making something’s utility, or what it does, visible.
As previously stated in earlier units, technology has advanced significantly throughout time, and the Romans developed concrete and stone constructions such as domes and vaults. They also added layers and layers of bricks and stones to their walls. Then, with the help of pointed arches, rib vaults, flying buttresses, and pinnacles, gothic architecture solved a previous problem that the Romans faced with vertical forces. Instead of the notion of inert stability, this principle was that of balancing forces. Traction forces are in opposition to compression forces.